منبع اصلی نوشتار زیر در این لینک قرار دارد

میانبرهای ادیتور vi

با سلام خدمت دوستان . در این پست نگاهی به سویچ ها و کار با ادیتور vi خواهیم انداخت . ویرایشگر vi جز محبوب ترین ادیتور های لینوکسه که به صورت پیش فرض در اغلب توزیع های لینوکس نصبه .

یه سری میانبر جهت راحتی کار داره که به شرح زیر هست :

حرکت نشانگر تایپ :

h – move left
    j – move down
    k – move up
    l – move right
    w – jump by start of words (punctuation considered words)
    W – jump by words (spaces separate words)
    e – jump to end of words (punctuation considered words)
    E – jump to end of words (no punctuation)
    b – jump backward by words (punctuation considered words)
    B – jump backward by words (no punctuation)
    ۰ – (zero) start of line
    ^ – first non-blank character of line
    $ – end of line
    G – Go To command (prefix with number – ۵G goes to line 5)

 حالت ورود یا insert mode

i – start insert mode at cursor
    I – insert at the beginning of the line
    a – append after the cursor
    A – append at the end of the line
    o – open (append) blank line below current line (no need to press return)
    O – open blank line above current line
    ea – append at end of word
    Esc – exit insert mode

 حالت ویرایش یا editing mode

r – replace a single character (does not use insert mode)
    J – join line below to the current one
    cc – change (replace) an entire line
    cw – change (replace) to the end of word
    c$ – change (replace) to the end of line
    s – delete character at cursor and subsitute text
    S – delete line at cursor and substitute text (same as cc)
    xp – transpose two letters (delete and paste, technically)
    u – undo
    . – repeat last command

 انتخاب یا Marking text

v – start visual mode, mark lines, then do command (such as y-yank)
    V – start Linewise visual mode
    o – move to other end of marked area
    Ctrl+v – start visual block mode
    O – move to Other corner of block
    aw – mark a word
    ab – a () block (with braces)
    aB – a {} block (with brackets)
    ib – inner () block
    iB – inner {} block
    Esc – exit visual mode

 visual commands

> – shift right
    < – shift left
    y – yank (copy) marked text
    d – delete marked text
    ~ – switch case

 Cut and Paste

yy – yank (copy) a line
    ۲yy – yank 2 lines
    yw – yank word
    y$ – yank to end of line
    p – put (paste) the clipboard after cursor
    P – put (paste) before cursor
    dd – delete (cut) a line
    dw – delete (cut) the current word
    x – delete (cut) current character

 خروج

:w – write (save) the file, but don’t exit
    :wq – write (save) and quit
    :q – quit (fails if anything has changed)
    :q! – quit and throw away changes

جستجو و جایگزین کردن عبارات

/pattern – search for pattern
    ?pattern – search backward for pattern
    n – repeat search in same direction
    N – repeat search in opposite direction
    :%s/old/new/g – replace all old with new throughout file
    :%s/old/new/gc – replace all old with new throughout file with confirmations

 کار با چند فایل

:e filename – Edit a file in a new buffer
    :bnext (or :bn) – go to next buffer
    :bprev (of :bp) – go to previous buffer
    :bd – delete a buffer (close a file)
    :sp filename – Open a file in a new buffer and split window
    ctrl+ws – Split windows
    ctrl+ww – switch between windows
    ctrl+wq – Quit a window
    ctrl+wv – Split windows vertically

پیروز باشید.

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