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apropos

APROPOS(1)                                                          Manual pager utils                                                         APROPOS(1)

NAME
       apropos – search the manual page names and descriptions

SYNOPSIS
       apropos [-dalhvV] [-e|-w|-r] [-s section] [-m system[,…]] [-M path] [-L locale] [-C file] keyword …

DESCRIPTION
       Each manual page has a short description available within it.  apropos searches the descriptions for instances of keyword.

       keyword  is  usually  a  regular  expression,  as  if  (-r) was used, or may contain wildcards (-w), or match the exact keyword (-e).  Using these
       options, it may be necessary to quote the keyword or escape (\\) the special characters to stop the shell from interpreting them.

       The standard matching rules allow matches to be made against the page name and word boundaries in the description.

       The database searched by apropos is updated by the mandb program.  Depending on your installation, this may be run by a periodic cron job, or  may
       need to be run manually after new manual pages have been installed.

OPTIONS
       -d, –debug
              Print debugging information.

       -v, –verbose
              Print verbose warning messages.

       -r, –regex
              Interpret  each  keyword  as a regular expression.  This is the default behaviour.  Each keyword will be matched against the page names and
              the descriptions independently.  It can match any part of either.  The match is not limited to word boundaries.

       -w, –wildcard
              Interpret each keyword as a pattern containing shell style wildcards.  Each keyword will be matched against the page names and the descrip‐
              tions  independently.   If  –exact  is  also used, a match will only be found if an expanded keyword matches an entire description or page
              name.  Otherwise the keyword is also allowed to match on word boundaries in the description.

       -e, –exact
              Each keyword will be exactly matched against the page names and the descriptions.

       -a, –and
              Only display items that match all the supplied keywords.  The default is to display items that match any keyword.

       -l, –long
              Do not trim output to the terminal width.  Normally, output will be truncated to the terminal width to avoid ugly results from poorly-writ‐
              ten NAME sections.

       -s section, –section section
              Search  only  the  given  manual  section.   If  section is a simple section, for example “3″, then the displayed list of descriptions will
              include pages in sections “3″, “3perl”, “3x”, and so on; while if section has an extension, for example “3perl”, then the  list  will  only
              include pages in that exact part of the manual section.

       -m system[,…], –systems=system[,…]
              If  this system has access to other operating system’s manual page descriptions, they can be searched using this option.  To search NewOS’s
              manual page descriptions, use the option -m NewOS.

              The system specified can be a combination of comma-delimited operating system names.  To include a search of the native operating  system’s
              whatis descriptions, include the system name man in the argument string.  This option will override the $SYSTEM environment variable.

       -M path, –manpath=path
              Specify an alternate set of colon-delimited manual page hierarchies to search.  By default, apropos uses the $MANPATH environment variable,
              unless it is empty or unset, in which case it will determine an appropriate manpath based on your $PATH environment variable.  This  option
              overrides the contents of $MANPATH.

       -L locale, –locale=locale
              apropos  will  normally determine your current locale by a call to the C function setlocale(3) which interrogates various environment vari‐
              ables, possibly including $LC_MESSAGES and $LANG.  To temporarily override the determined value, use this option to supply a locale  string
              directly  to  apropos.  Note that it will not take effect until the search for pages actually begins.  Output such as the help message will
              always be displayed in the initially determined locale.

       -C file, –config-file=file
              Use this user configuration file rather than the default of ~/.manpath.

       -h, –help
              Print a help message and exit.

       -V, –version
              Display version information.

EXIT STATUS
       ۰      Successful program execution.

       ۱      Usage, syntax or configuration file error.

       ۲      Operational error.

       ۱۶     Nothing was found that matched the criteria specified.

ENVIRONMENT
       SYSTEM If $SYSTEM is set, it will have the same effect as if it had been specified as the argument to the -m option.

       MANPATH
              If $MANPATH is set, its value is interpreted as the colon-delimited manual page hierarchy search path to use.

       MANWIDTH
              If $MANWIDTH is set, its value is used as the terminal width (see the –long option).  If it is not set, the terminal width will be  calcu‐
              lated using an ioctl(2) if available, the value of $COLUMNS, or falling back to 80 characters if all else fails.

       POSIXLY_CORRECT
              If  $POSIXLY_CORRECT  is  set,  even  to a null value, the default apropos search will be as an extended regex (-r).  Nowadays, this is the
              default behaviour anyway.

FILES
       /usr/share/man/index.(bt|db|dir|pag)
              A traditional global index database cache.

       /var/cache/man/index.(bt|db|dir|pag)
              An FHS compliant global index database cache.

       /usr/share/man/…/whatis
              A traditional whatis text database.

SEE ALSO
       whatis(1), man(1), mandb(8).

AUTHOR
       Wilf. (G.Wilford@ee.surrey.ac.uk).
       Fabrizio Polacco (fpolacco@debian.org).
       Colin Watson (cjwatson@debian.org).

2.5.7                                                                   ۲۰۱۰-۰۲-۱۶                                                             APROPOS(1)

نوشته apropos اولین بار در مرجع اپن سورس ، گنو/لینوکس پدیدار شد.



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